An anti-Jewish riot broke out in Seville, Spain on March 15, 1391, after years of incitement by Archdeacon Ferrand Martinez. Several Jews were slain; but the nobles, who protected them, quickly repressed the uprising.
Polish photographer Łukasz Baksik has spent years tracking down countless Jewish tombstones. Baksik shows them being used as grinding wheels in farms for sharpening tools, as parts of barn walls or as paving stones – even as Christian tombstones.
The perverted use of the legal system by anti-Jewish activists is not a modern phenomenon by any means. When Jews were allowed to return to England in 1656, their opponents seized upon the law in an attempt to force them out of the country.
The Jews have lived in Yemen for thousands of years. Despite continuing persecution and discrimination from the Arab majority around them, the Jews maintained culture and tradition, while living in tight-knit communities.
The Prime Minister at the time, William Lyon Mackenzie King, appointed Blair to the position of Director of the Immigration Branch of the Department of Mines and Resources in 1935. Under Blair’s leadership, Canada’s immigration policies toward Jews tightened.