Industrial Pump Types: Which One Do You Need?

Industrial pumps help in the heavy-duty deliveries of wastewater, petroleum, oil, chemicals, food, slurry, and water. Different types utilise either positive displacement or centrifugal force. Its pumps have distinct features that support their industrial application, as well.

Notably, there are many manufacturers and industrial water pump suppliers today, each with a trademark design or feature. Variations are based on the types of material and the pressure each can handle. Common examples include:

Vane and mining pumps

Vane pumps come with vanes that you can slide out of or into rotor slots. When the driver causes the rotor to turn, it creates a centrifugal force that will push rods and pressurised fluid through the system. Vanes will move from their slots to cause the inner part of the pump to work. The revolving rotor aids fluid flow and the liquid goes through a suction port. The fluid is transported to the discharge port after which it squeezes out of the piping.

A mining pump is, of course, used in mining. Sometimes, borehole pumps, diaphragm pumps, slurry pumps, and submersible pumps will also be used in mining, but they differ in how they transfer fluid. Mining pumps have abrasive dewatering methods that process minerals and transfer slurry. They dose the fluid and introduce a water supply depending on the end game. All pumps used in mining must be attached to a storage solution.

Mechanical diaphragms

Mechanical diaphragms are different pumps used for all-purpose applications. They often come with heavy duty gearboxes and eccentric blocks that help the diaphragm to work better. The pumps are pulley driven, so they can be used in many drive applications. They come with a self-prime ability that allows them to run dry and hold solids.

Multistage pumps

Engineer checking the pumps

These pumps are used in different pumping stages and help force liquid past a difficult phase. They are commonly used to move high-pressure liquids, being suitable for the job because they have impellers. As fluid goes through different stages, it increases in pressure so that the contents move a longer distance. It is also likely to find these pumps in boosting systems that need to move high-density fluid under high pressure. Fire hydrant systems also use these pumps. Multistage pumps come in horizontal and submersible forms, with single or double motors. They are motor driven and often solar powered.

Submersible pumps

These pumps resemble multistage pumps meant for horizontal fittings. They are robust and versatile, making them usable for several commercial and building applications. They can also be used in supplying municipal water and in domestic and rural rainwater collection systems. Submersible pumps will be heavy duty and can handle sewage, stormwater, trade waste, and grey water. They are also used in fire hydrants and boosting cold water.

When choosing pumps for home water systems, consider their suction lift — 7.5m is ideal. Does the pump have self-priming abilities and is it heavy duty? Consider how long you will have to go before making a replacement and what the pump will need to operate.